5 Beneficiaries to be Covered

Children up to six years of age constitute about 15%, adolescent girls about 8% and pregnant and lactating mother about 3% of the State's population. However, following issues need to be looked into in this regard

  1. Updated house-to-house survey data covering the target groups is not readily available.
  2. Data on the exact number of children of age group of 0-6 month is not readily available.
  3. Approximately 8 lakhs children of 4-5 years of age group are known to be enrolled in Ka- Sreni of LP School, but data on children enrolled in private per- school institutions is not available.
  4. Although the programme envisages coverage of children upto six years of age, a large hunk, say, about 90% of children of 5-6 year of age group are controlled in LP school and are covered under the Mid day Meal programme making it difficult to assess as to how many of them will avail themselves of this programme.
  5. A large percentage of the adolescent girls are school-going and belong to well to-do families. It is uncertain as to how many of them can actually be reached out to under this programme.
  6. For the fact that weighing of 100% of the children has not been possible, the data on severely and mildly malnourished children is also not available.
  7. Some of the habitations are still uncovered by ICDS.

The assessment of the exact size of the target groups under various categories AWC-wise, therefore, does not appear to be feasible at this stage and hence, it is decided to allocate fund to all the AWCs uniformly taking the average combined strength of the target group of each of the AWCs as 140. There are obvious problems with this approach to fund allocation like varying population size covered by the different AWCs. AWCs with higher number of severely malnourished children less fund etc.; but this being only the second year of the exercise of the decentralisation of the implementation of the programme, the decision to follow this approach has been taken with following underlying presumptions :

  1. AWW with the help of AWCMC will conduct a house-to-house survey and assess the actual number of beneficiaries under different categories to be provided supplementary nutrition.
  2. On the basis of this assessment, detailed programme for providing cooking meal will be chalked out as per the systematic norms and nutritional requirements.
  3. AWW will maintain a day-wise records of the number of beneficiaries under different categories actually receiving supplementary nutrition.
  4. This will not ensure efficient utilisation of the fund made available for this purpose, but will also facilitate more compact and focused in coming year.

It is made clear here that there is always a possibility of the combined strength of the beneficiaries exceeding 140 or having being found less than that. Objective is to cover each and every eligible beneficiary and in each case of their number becoming more or less then 140, only thing which will change is the number of days which they will received the supplementary nutrition.

It is anticipated, therefore, that about 52 lakhs children, girls and women will be covered under the programme during 2007-08.