Schemes

Integrated Child Development Services Scheme

Implementation of Integrated Child Development Services Scheme will continue to be the cornerstone of the strategy to address the development needs of the children. Remarkable progress has taken place in its scale, scope and coverage ever since it's launch in the State in the year 1975.

In Assam, ICDS scheme was introduced in the year 1975 in Dhakuakhana Development Block, on experimental basis, along with 32 other blocks in the country. It has since been expanded to 223 blocks comprising 37,082 Anganwadi Centres.

Objectives of ICDS

  1. To improve the nutritional and health status of children below the age of 0-6 years and pregnant and lactating mothers;
  2. to lay the foundation for the proper psychological, physical and social development of the child;
  3. to reduce the incidence of mortality, morbidity, mal-nutrition and school droop outs;
  4. to achieve effective co-ordination of policy and implementation;
  5. to enhance the capability of the matter to look after the normal health and nutritional needs of the child to proper health and nutrition education.

Implementation Mechanism

For implementation of ICDS, SNP, Swayamsidha and Kishori Shakti Yojana, Director control and supervise implementation through Divisional Programme Officers, District Social Welfare Officers and Child Development Project Officers.

Vigilance and monitoring Committee

For affective monitoring of the implementation of ICDS and SNP, Block Level Vigilance and Monitoring Committees has been constituted vide Notification No. SWD. 245/2005/103, dated Dispur, the 8th March, 2007.

Kishori Shakti Yojana (KSY)

Kishori Sakti Yojana, earlier known as National Programme for Adolescent Girls (NPAG), is implemented as a component of ICDS scheme in limited number of ICDS Project. From 2006-07 Govt. of India issued instructions for expansion of the scheme to all ICDS Projects and accordingly release fund during fag end of financial year 2006-07. Govt. of India also issued a instruction to open a separate budget Head of Account as Govt. of India would release funds for KSY separately and not along with ICDS funds as was the practice then. Proposal was moved to the Finance Department during the year 2006-07 for opening separate Head of Account promptly and in time. But opening of separate head of account was cleared by the Finance Department very late leaving not so adequate time to implement the scheme during 2006-07. In ability of Finance Department to make budget provision under the new head of account was one another factor for which scheme implementation during 2006-07 did not materialized.

In the current year budget provision has been made and sanction has since be issued. The Planning and Development Department also allocates funds under NPAG. Way back in 2006-07 policy decision was taken to utilize NPAG fund for strengthening KSY as both KSY and NPAG are a keen to each other with identical aims, objectives and goal. As per guidelines of the scheme the budgeted amount of the current year 2007-08 will be utilized by implementing KSY and NPAG in the following manner.

Objective

The broad objectives of the Scheme are to improve the nutritional, health and development status of adolescent girls, promote awareness of health, hygiene, nutrition and family care, link them to opportunities for learning life skills, going back to school, help them gain a better understanding of their social environment and take initiatives to become productive members of the society.

  • Coverage: Total no. of blocks in the country: 6118
  • Target Group: Adolescent Girls (11-18 yrs.)
  • Infrastructural facilities: Existing ICDS infrastructure
  • Financial Norms: Rs. 1.10 lakh per ICDS project per annum

Kishori Sakti Yojana (KSY) Phase I

CDPOs and DPOs will be subjected to three days training / orientation to prepare them to act as Master Trainers to impart training to Adolescent Girls in their respective projects. A team of professional experts is being engaged for the training programme. Course content of the Training Programme is as under:

  1. Adolescent Health Pre Adolescent Youth Family Life Education for Youth Adolescent Sexuality Stages of Development
  2. Adolescent Biology Physical Changes Health and Nutrition
  3. Marriage Responsible Parenthood
  4. Communication Skills Communication within the Family
  5. Adolescent and Stress Coping with Stress and Emotions Intelligence among Adolescent
  6. Developing Skills Self Awareness Decision Making/ Inter Personal
  7. Protecting Adolescent from High Risk Situations Alcohol/ Drugs/ STI / HIV & AIDS
  8. Legal Rights Child Rights Human Trafficking Reproductive Rights (It will also cover the following)
    1. Nutritional and Health Status of girls in the age group 11-18 years. Knowledge to help them improve decision making capabilities.
    2. Health Hygiene, nutrition
    3. Family Welfare, Home Management
    4. Taking all means to facilitate their marrying only after attaining the age of 18 years and if possible even later.
      Better understanding environment related social issues an its impact on their lives and
    5. Encourage adolescent girls to various activities to be productive and useful women to the society.

Kishori Sakti Yojana (KSY) Phase II

Two Adolescent Girls in each Anganwadi Centres, excepting Anganwadi Centres of KAAC and NCHAC, will be imparted training for two days on vocational trades (exposure and appreciation of the trades) Non-formal education course, Life education course, Health and Nutrition education, Legal Literacy etc. Training will be imparted by CDPOs and Supervisors after they are being trained as Master Trainers. The Divisional Programme Officers shall be over all in charge of the second phase training programme and shall act as Course Director. Fund will be placed at the disposal of Programme Officer Divisional ICDS Cell.

Implementation Mechanism

For implementation of ICDS, SNP, Swayamsidha and Kishori Shakti Yojana, Director control and supervise implementation through Divisional Programme Officers, District Social Welfare Officers and Child Development Project Officers.

Vigilance and monitoring Committee

For affective monitoring of the implementation of ICDS and SNP, Block Level Vigilance and Monitoring Committees has been constituted vide Notification No. SWD. 245/2005/103, dated Dispur, the 8th March, 2007.

Supplementary Nutrition Programme (SNP)

The ICDS programme aims at enhancing nutritional and health status of children under 6 years of age, Pregnant Women, lactating mothers and of late adolescent girls.

In addition to the Protein and calories specifications mentioned below. Supplementary Nutrition is to be fortified with micro nutrients for enhancement of nutrient value.

Guidelines of the Scheme

Group Protein and Calories
i) Other then severely malnourished Children under six years 300 calories and 8 to 10 gm of Protein per day.
ii) Severely malnourished children under six years. Double the quantity mentioned above per day.
iii) Pregnant, Lactating and adolescent girls each 500 calories and 20 gm of Protein per day.

SNP Beneficiary Coverage

SNP beneficiary Identified/ enrolled Receiving SNP percentage of coverage
No. of Children 6months - 3 years
(i) Malnourished
(ii) Severely malnourished
No. of Children 3 yrs- 6 yrs
(i) Malnourished
(ii) Severely malnourished
No. of pregnant women
No. of lactating mothers
No. of adolescent girls

SNP Coverage Efficiency

Weighment Efficiency
Total no. of children (0-6 yrs) 4481100
No. of children weighed 1367764
No. of children in Normal Grade 833903
No. of children in Grade I 367923
No. of children in Grade II 148647
No. of children in Grade III 17189
No. of children in Grade IV 102

Imunisation

Health Checkups

Who is eligible
Health Check-ups includes health care of children less than six years of age, antenatal care of expectant mothers and postnatal care of nursing mothers.

Who provides it
These services are provided by the ANM, Medical Officers incharge of Health Sub-Centres and Primary Health Centres under the RCH programme of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

What does it comprise of
The various health services include regular health check-ups, immunization, management of malnutrition, treatment of diarrhoea, de-worming and distribution of simple medicines etc.

Referral Services

Referred when
During health check-ups and growth monitoring, sick or malnourished children, in need of prompt medical attention, are referred to the Primary Health Centre or its sub-Centre.

Who refers
The Anganwadi worker has also been oriented to detect disabilities in young children. AWW enlists all such cases and refers them to the ANM and Medical Officer in charge of the Primary Health Centre/ Sub-Centre.

What Priority
These cases referred by the AWW are to be attended by health functionaries on priority basis.

Nutrition & Health Education (NHE)

Nutrition and Health Education is a key element of the work of the Anganwadi worker. This forms part of BCC (Behaviour Change Communication) strategy. This has the long term goal of capacity-building of women - especially in the age group of 15-45 years - so that they can look after their own health, nutrition and development needs as well as that of their children and families.

Non Formal Pre School Education

That Early Childhood Education is of crucial significance for the optimum development of the child is admitted On all hands in this country and abroad, Studies have proved conclusively that foundation for later development is laid in the early years and improverishment suffered at this stage damages severly the subsequent development of the child.

The importance of Early Childhood Education in the Indian context where 48% of the population live below the poverty line 63.83% are illiterate and one-fifth of the population is the age- group 0-6 years hardly needs any emphasis. Early Childhood Education has assumed added importance in the context of the programme of Universalisation of Elementary Education

Early detection of child hood disability